Country Actions: January 2022 Update

NTI Index Country Action Tracker

Updated January 12, 2022

Countries Are Taking Action to Reduce Use of Highly Enriched Uranium and Strengthen National Frameworks

This webpage lists actions countries have taken since March 31, 2020, when data gathering for the 2020 NTI Nuclear Security Index (NTI Index) closed.

Since March 31, 2020, countries have taken steps to strengthen the global nuclear security architecture, increase transparency, and reduce quantities of weapons-usable nuclear materials. Countries have taken the following actions (newly updated actions in bold):

  • Ended the use of highly enriched uranium targets (HEU) for production of Molybdenum-99
  • Ratified key nuclear security treaties
  • Participated in International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) activities
  • Updated declarations of civilian nuclear material stocks
  • Submitted information about laws and regulations to the IAEA under Article 14 of the amended Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

These actions demonstrate that countries continue to make progress to strengthen their own nuclear security, enhance transparency, and support the global nuclear security architecture.

In addition, on October 21, 2020, Switzerland’s Federal Office of Public Health took regulatory action to phase out Cesium-137 blood irradiators by 2025, introduced a five-year action plan to prevent radioactive sources from being used for malicious purposes. This action will be reflected in the next edition of the Radioactive Source Security Assessment.

How to Use the Tracker

The table includes actions related to a subset of the subindicators in the NTI Index that can be obtained without the need for in-depth country research.

The table identifies the relevant subindicator number and name, the country (with link to Index country page), the action taken and date of action, and the source (with link, where available).

The tracking spreadsheet that allows the user to sort and filter information is available for download here. Users can submit actions for inclusion in the next update to Jack Brosnan at [email protected].

Updates as of January 12, 2022

Index SubindicatorCountryAction/DateSource
Quantities of materials
No update
Material production/ elimination trends
CanadaWorked with the United States to repatriate 161kg of HEU from Chalk River Laboratories to the United States (announced January 25, 2021)Canadian Nuclear Laboratories
KazakhstanRemoved remaining 2.9kg of HEU from the IGR research reactor in Kurchatov for downblending into LEU; committed to convert HEU-fueled research reactor at Kazakhstan’s National Nuclear Center in 2021 (announced September 22, 2020)U.S. Department of Energy
NetherlandsEnded the use of HEU targets for the production of Mo-99 at the High Flux Reactor (HFR)Public Announcement
United StatesCertified that there is sufficient supply fo Mo-99 produced with LEU and therefore, no more HEU will be exported for this purposeU.S. Department of Energy
3.1.1 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)AngolaRatified September 21, 2020IAEA
CongoAcceded September 3, 2021IAEA
EritreaRatified March 13, 2020IAEA
ZimbabweAcceded September 20, 2021IAEA
3.1.2 CPPNM AmendmentAngolaRatified September 21, 2020IAEA
EritreaRatified March 13, 2020IAEA
PhilippinesRatified June 16, 2021IAEA
RwandaRatified September 23, 2021IAEA
3.1.3 International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT)
BotswanaRatified July 12, 2021UN
St. Kitts and Nevis*Ratified August 13, 2020UN
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT)
No update
Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction
No update
IAEA Nuclear Security Fund Contributions
No update
Centers of Excellence
No update
IAEA Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB)
RwandaJoined the ITDB on October 4, 2020IAEA
Antigua and Barbuda*Joined ITDB on March 24, 2021IAEA
Nuclear Security Guidance Committee (NSGC)
No update
Public declarations/ reports about civilian nuclear materials
BelgiumSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on May 18, 2020IAEA
BelgiumSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on May 12, 2021IAEA
FranceSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on August 28, 2020IAEA
FranceSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on September 2, 2021IAEA
GermanySubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on August 28, 2020IAEA
GermanySubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on September 10, 2021IAEA
JapanSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on September 4, 2020IAEA
JapanSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on July 27, 2021IAEA
RussiaSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on November 17, 2021IAEA
RussiaSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on November 24, 2020IAEA
SwitzerlandSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on August 20, 2020IAEA
SwitzerlandSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on February 26, 2021IAEA
United KingdomSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on November 24, 2020IAEA
United KingdomSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on September 27, 2021IAEA
United StatesSubmitted INFCIRC/549 declaration on October 12, 2021IAEA
Peer review (INSServ, ISSAS)
No update
3.3.7 International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) missionNo update
3.4.1 Information Circular (INFCIRC) 869No update
Other nuclear security INFCIRCs (899, 901, 904, 905, 908, 909, 912, 917, and 918)
SloveniaSubscribed to INFCIRC/908 on October 7, 2020IAEA
National Framework for CPPNM Amendment (Article 14)
AlgeriaSubmitted Article 14 information, October 16, 2020IAEA
ArmeniaSubmitted Article 14 information September 8, 2020IAEA
AustriaSubmitted Article 14 information, January 5, 2021+IAEA
CanadaSubmitted Article 14 information, August 10, 2021+IAEA
GeorgiaSubmitted Article 14 information, November 4, 2021IAEA
GuatemalaSubmitted Article 14 information, August 24, 2020++IAEA
JordanSubmitted Article 14 information, October 13, 2020IAEA
LuxembourgSubmitted Article 14 information, August 13, 2020IAEA
MadagascarSubmitted Article 14 information, August 12, 2020IAEA
PakistanSubmitted Article 14 information, December 23, 2021IAEA
RussiaSubmitted Article 14 information, September 21, 2020+IAEA
Saudi ArabiaSubmitted Article 14 information, July 25, 2020IAEA
South KoreaSubmitted Article 14 information, June 7, 2021IAEA
SwedenSubmitted Article 14 information, May 11, 2020IAEA
SyriaSubmitted Article 14 information, August 26, 2020IAEA
TogoSubmitted Article 14 information, December 8, 2020++IAEA
UruguaySubmitted Article 14 information, July 15, 2020IAEA
4.3.1 Independent Regulatory AgencyBrazilEstablished independent regulatory authority, the Nuclear Safety National Authority (ANSN) in May 2021Public Announcement
*Country not included in the NTI Index.
+Updated Article 14 submission. Country already receives credit in the NTI Index for having previously submitted Article 14 information.
++Action taken under the original CPPNM will not receive credit in the NTI Index. The NTI Index gives credit only for actions taken under the Amended CPPNM.

Photo credit: IAEA/Flickr