The number of countries and areas fulfilling their outstanding obligation to effectively protect nuclear materials and facilities has nearly doubled.
58 of the 131 states-parties to the amended Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) (44%) have not yet demonstrated that they are implementing the treaty by submitting their laws and regulations to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). (See Figure 7a.)
The number of states-parties to the amended CPPNM that have submitted their nuclear security laws and regulations to the IAEA has doubled since the end of 2019. There are now 73 fulfilling this legal obligation, including 6 with nuclear facilities. (See Figures 7a and 7b.)
2 countries, Algeria and Brazil, established independent regulators since the 2020 NTI Index. 8 of the 46 countries and Taiwan with nuclear facilities, including 3 with weapons-usable nuclear materials, still do not have independent regulators for their civilian nuclear facilities. (See Figure 7c.)
Scores for the UNSCR 1540 Implementation indicator decreased in 11 countries. Although the average score remains high for the 46 countries and Taiwan with nuclear facilities, this is the first time that this average has declined.
States-parties to the amended CPPNM, especially those with weapons-usable nuclear materials, should achieve full compliance with the treaty. This should include the submission of laws and regulations related to nuclear security to the IAEA.
To deliver on their obligations under the amended CPPNM, states-parties should strive to better identify security weaknesses and ensure compliance with stringent regulations.
Countries and areas with nuclear facilities and materials should establish independent regulators that will provide unbiased oversight of nuclear security implementation.
Countries and areas should adhere to and actively support UNSCR 1540 by providing appropriate and effective security for all nuclear facilities and materials and by submitting the requisite information to the UNSCSR 1540 Matrix.