The absence of an actual detonation of a nuclear or dirty bomb should not lull the world into complacency.
In the absence of an effective system, progress that countries have made to reduce the risks of theft and sabotage will be in jeopardy, and it will be challenging for countries to build on that progress going forward.
Support for the IAEA’s role in nuclear security has grown in recent years but is still not as robust as for its role in nuclear safeguards, nuclear safety, or development assistance.
The results show there is still significant work needed to bolster this element of the international architecture by universalizing the amended CPPNM and fully implementing its obligations.
Gift baskets resulted in tangible progress, but their reach was limited to countries that participated in the summits.
Addressing the human factor is vital to strong nuclear security implementation.
Today, with efforts to modernize and digitize nuclear facilities around the world, the task of securing them to a high degree of confidence is more challenging than ever.
The IAEA Code of Conduct and the Supplemental Guidance help states to reach and maintain a high level of safety and security of radioactive sources, including at the end of their useful lives.